Tetherless World Senior Constellation Chair, Computer Science
Deborah McGuinness is a leading expert in knowledge representation and reasoning languages and systems and has worked in ontology creation and evolution environments for over 30 years. McGuinness is well known for her leadership role in semantic web research, and for her work on explanation, trust, and applications of semantic web technology, particularly for scientific applications.
“I am interested in making smart systems that help people and machines function better,” said McGuinness. “My slant on this work is to research, develop, and use semantic technologies that allow people and machines to represent, reason with, visualize, and explain information in ways that support understanding and (re)use. My application areas cover a wide range of domain areas, but often in earth and space science informatics and health informatics.”
Her main research thrusts are in languages, tools, and environments for the semantic web. More recently Deborah has led a range of efforts centering around semantically-enabled knowledge portals. Some examples include the Human Health Exposure Analysis Repository, that is a joint project between RPI and Mount Sinai and is funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Another example is the MaterialsMine project that is funded by the National Science Foundation's Harnessing the Data Revolution (HDR) program and is a next generation data portal for material Science.
Previously, Deborah co-led and later led the Stanford Knowledge Systems Laboratory. While there, she initiated the Inference Web (IW) effort. Inference Web provides a framework for increasing trust in answers from heterogeneous systems by explaining how the answers were derived and what they depended on. Inference Web supports this goal by providing infrastructure and an implemented web-based environment for storing, exchanging, combining, annotating, comparing, search for, validating, and rendering proofs and proof fragments provided by reasoners and query answering systems.
McGuinness is co-editor of the Ontology Web Language which has emerged from web ontology working group of the World Wide Web (W3C) semantic web activity and has now achieved W3C Recommendation status. She helped start the web ontology working group out of work as a co-author of the DARPA Agent Markup Language program's DAML language. She helped form the Joint EU/US Agent Markup Language Committee which evolved the DAML language into the oil-reference DAML OIL description logic-based ontology language. She is a co-author of one of the more widely used long-lived description logic systems (CLASSIC) from Bell Laboratories. Her work on languages (including OWL, oil-reference.html DAML OIL, OIL, CLASSIC, etc.) is aimed at providing languages that enable the next generation of web applications moving from a web aimed at human consumption to the semantic web aimed at machine consumption in support of intelligent assistants and web agents. Deborah is a leader in ontology-based tools and applications. She is a co-author and technical leader of the Stanford KSL ontology evolution environment. She also consulted to help VerticalNet design and build its Ontobuilder/Ontoserver ontology evolution environment. She also provided technical leadership for the Stanford project to help Cisco systems form its ontology evolution plan for its meta data formation work.
Ph.D., Knowledge Representation, Rutgers University
M.S., Computer Science, University of California at Berkeley
B.S., Computer Science, Duke University
B. A., Mathematics, Duke University
- Semantic Web
- Linked Open Data
- Semantic eScience
- Health and Life Science Informatics
- Environmental Informatics
- Data Science
- Artificial Intelligence
- see https://tw.rpi.edu/person/Deborah_L_McGuinness